Facial Reconstruction of a Mucormycosis Survivor by Free Rectus Abdominis Muscle Flap, Tissue Expansion, and Ocular Prosthesis

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Abstract

Invasive sinonasal mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection that usually occurs in immunocompromised or diabetic patients, and it is often fatal. The authors present a case of a woman patient suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus and diabetes mellitus treated with prednisone, presenting with a rapidly progressive rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis. She was successfully treated with combined intravenous antifungal therapy and radical debridement followed by complex defect reconstruction with a free vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, tissue expander, and ophthalmic prosthesis.

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