Monoclonal Antibodies Targeted Against Melanoma and Ovarian Tumors Enhance Dendritic Cell-Mediated Cross-Presentation of Tumor-Associated Antigens and Efficiently Cross-Prime CD8+ T Cells

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Summary:Dendritic cells (DCs) constitute very attractive vectors for cancer immunotherapy due to their ability to efficiently capture and present tumor antigens, which initiates tumor-directed T-cell responses. Because the initiation of cytotoxic anti-tumor immune responses requires the cross-presentation mechanism, antigen targeting to DCs represents a very important step in the chain of events that constitutes the cross-priming immune process. In the current study, we explored the ability of DCs loaded with antibody-coated melanoma and ovarian carcinoma tumor cells to cross-present tumor antigens to CD8+ T cells and elicit in vitro anti-tumor immune responses. Coating melanoma and ovarian cancer cells with monoclonal antibodies against different surface antigens (CD44, ME491, LFA-3, and CD24) expressed by the tumor cells promoted the cross-presentation of the tumor-associated antigens as MART-1, gp100, tyrosinase, and NY-ESO-1 by DCs to CD8+ T. These tumor antigen-specific CD8+ T-cell populations resulting from the DC-mediated cross-priming process were identified using specific immune tetramers and were a few fold larger than the ones generated using peptide-pulsed or apoptotic tumor cell-loaded DCs. The CD8+ T cells generated by DCs loaded with monoclonal antibody-coated tumor cells were cytotoxic against the primary melanoma and ovarian carcinoma cells. Thus, targeting monoclonal antibody-coated tumor cells to DCs is a novel method that opens new perspectives for immunotherapy strategies.

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