Severe Ocular Myositis After Ipilimumab Treatment for Melanoma: A Report of 2 Cases

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Ipilimumab binds and blocks cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4, causing enhanced T-cell reaction, antitumor response, and significant improvement of the overall survival of patients with metastatic melanoma. Patients treated with ipilimumab can develop immune-related adverse effects, primarily dermatitis, colitis, hepatitis, and hypophysitis. Although, in phase I–III studies, 64.2% of all patients suffered from immune-related adverse effects, ocular adverse effects occurred in 1.3% only. In the cases reported below, 2 patients with metastatic melanoma developed severe ocular myositis after treatment with ipilimumab. These are the first 2 reports of successful treatment of this condition by use of a combination of methylprednisolone and mycophenolate mofetil, and, in 1 of the cases, additional medication with intravenous immunoglobulin.

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