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The purpose of this study was to explore the hypothesis that assisting men with prostate cancer to obtain information would enable them to assume a more active role in treatment decision making and decrease their levels of anxiety and depression. Respondents were recruited from one community urology clinic in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Sixty newly diagnosed men were randomly assigned to receive either a self-efficacy information intervention that consisted of a written information package with discussion, a list of questions they could ask their physician, and an audiotape of the medical consultation (n = 30), or a written information package alone (n = 30). Men completed measures of preferred decisional role at the pretest; anxiety and depression before the intervention, and at 6 weeks post-intervention; and assumed decisional role at 6 weeks post-intervention. Results demonstrated that men in the intervention group assumed a significantly more active role in treatment decision making, and had lower state anxiety levels at 6 weeks. Levels of depression were similar for both groups at 6 weeks. This group of older men do want to be informed and participate in medical decisions. Further efforts are required to evaluate the efficacy of such an intervention in other community urology clinics.