Intravenous Dipyridamole Thallium-201 SPECT Imaging in Patients with Left Bundle Branch Block


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Abstract

TI-201 exercise imaging in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) has proven to be indeterminate for significant left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery stenosis because of the presence of immediate septal perfusion defects with redistribution on delayed images in almost all cases. TI-201 redistribution occurs regardless of the presence or absence of LAD stenosis.Nineteen patients having LBBB were evaluated with dipyridamole TI-201 SPECT. Fourteen of these subjects had normal dipyridamole TI-201 SPECT imaging. Three patients had normal coronary angiograms. None of the remaining 11 patients with normal dipyridamole TI-201 SPECT images was found to have clinical coronary artery disease in a 5—11 month follow-up period. Five patients had abnormal septal perfusion. Four underwent coronary angiography. One had a significant LAD stenosis. The single patient with septal redistribution who refused to undergo coronary angiography died shortly thereafter of clinical coronary artery disease.This preliminary work suggests that dipyridamole TI-201 SPECT may be more useful for excluding LAD stenosis in patients with LBBB than TI-201 exercise imaging.

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