Parathyroid Adenomas Seen in the Clinical Follow-Up of Patients With Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma: A Diagnostic Dilemma

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The coexistence of nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma and parathyroid adenoma is an uncommon clinical entity. In most of the previously published studies, thyroid carcinomas are diagnosed incidentally during or after the treatment of parathyroid disease, mostly in the pathology specimens. Here, we report 2 cases of parathyroid adenoma who presented years after the treatment of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Neither of the patients had symptoms of hypercalcemia and hyperparathyroidism, and parathyroid adenomas were diagnosed on routine physical examination of the neck and on routine monitoring of serum calcium levels.

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