Neuropathy Secondary to Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis of the Hip

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Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a benign proliferative process of unknown origin that may cause extensive bone and joint destruction. Patients with this condition typically present with symptoms of mild discomfort and associated stiffness of the involved joint; however, the spectrum of presentations is broad. Although pigmented villonodular synovitis begins in, and usually is confined within, a synovium-lined joint, it may extend beyond the joint capsule and present as a soft tissue mass. Three cases of a previously unrecognized presentation of pigmented villonodular synovitis of the hip joint are presented. The authors believe these to be the first reported cases in the English language literature of pigmented villonodular synovitis of the hip seen with femoral or sciatic neuropathy.

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