Patients With Femoral Neck and Intertrochanteric Fractures: Are They the Same?

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A prospective analysis was performed involving 680 geriatric patients with hip fractures to determine whether the demographic profile of patients with femoral neck fractures was similar to that of patients with intertrochanteric fractures. All patients were community dwelling, cognitively intact, previously ambulatory elderly with femoral neck or intertrochanteric fracture. Three hundred fifty-eight patients (52.6%) sustained a femoral neck fracture; 322 (47.4%), an intertrochanteric fracture. Patients with an intertrochanteric fracture were significantly older, more likely to be limited to home ambulation, and were more dependent regarding basic and instrumental activities of daily living. After stratification by gender and adjustment for age, these differences remained significant in women only. There were no differences in age, prefracture ambulatory ability, or dependence in activities of daily living in men with either type of fracture.

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