Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Femoral Condyle in the Growth Stage


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Abstract

The site of lesion, spontaneous healing, onset mechanism, and magnetic resonance imaging findings of 51 knees in 38 patients with osteochondritis dissecans involving the femoral condyle in the growth stage were investigated. Half of the lesions were found in the center of the lateral condyle, 1/4 were in the medial in tercondylar site, and the remaining 1/4 were in other sites. Compared with those in the other sites, the lesions in a medial intercondylar site had a lower healing rate and required a longer time to heal. T2 weighted images of the lesions showed a progression from low signal areas to the appearance of a high signal line at the fragment to parent to bone interface, to a high signal double line at the interface and parentbone surface, or to disappearance of the line. Magnetic resonance imaging often revealed discoid menisci or meniscal tears in patients with lesions in the lateral condyle, suggesting that endogenous forces play an important role in the onset of osteochondritis dissecans.

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