Percutaneous Treatment of Carpal, Metacarpal, and Phalangeal Injuries
Percutaneous fixation of hand fractures is a common technique that takes advantage of the subcutaneous nature of hand bones, their small size, and their limited loading potential for stress placed on hardware. Percutaneous wire fixation supplements cast fixation when plaster cannot hold particular reductions, and allow surgical fixation with limited postoperative swelling. In the first part of the current study, the types of wires that are used for hand fixation, fluoroscopy, helpful instruments, and the basic techniques used for this type of surgery are discussed. In the second part of the study, specific fixation techniques for different fractures of the carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges are outlined.