Long-Term Followup of Anatomic Graduated Components Posterior Cruciate-Retaining Total Knee Replacement

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The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the authors’ 15-year experience with the Anatomic Graduated Components total knee replacement. This is a report of the survivorship of 4583 Anatomic Graduated Component total knee arthroplasties. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were performed with the end point defined as radiographic loosening, revision, or both. This end point was subdivided into the best case scenario in which it was assumed that all the patients lost to followup were doing well throughout the study and a worst case scenario in which it was assumed that all patients lost to followup had failed results at their last clinic visit. There were six (0.18%) femoral, 21 (0.46%) tibial, and 180 (4.2%) all-polyethylene patellar component failures secondary to aseptic loosening. All femoral components and 90% of the tibial components were revised; however, only 15 patellar components were revised. The clinical survival rate with revision of one or more of the components was 98.86% at 15 years. Despite having nearly flat-on-flat geometry and retaining the posterior cruciate ligament, which should increase the stresses in the polyethylene and at the bone-cement interface, this total knee replacement has proved to have minimal wear and excellent longevity with time. The authors think this is a result of the direct compression molded polyethylene articulation and the nonmodular configuration that incorporates metal backing on the tibial component and eliminates back-sided tibial component polyethylene wear.

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