|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Current indications for high tibial osteotomy (HTO) are controversial although several risk factors have been associated with HTO survival. We ascertained the influence of preoperative variables in a consecutive series of patients who had closing wedge HTO at a minimum of 12 year followup (mean 18-year, range 12 to 28 years). Three hundred one of an initial 372 high tibial osteotomies (313 patients) were included (81% followup); 71 knees were eliminated because patients died (30 knees) or were lost to followup (41 knees). The mean age was 42 years (range, 15-76 years), 194 were men and 119 were women. The osteotomy was fixed by a Blount staple and an AO half-tube plate with three screws. Forty-three knees (14%) in 39 patients were revised for progression of osteoarthritis at an average of 102 months. Survival was 85% at 20 years with revision as the endpoint. Knee function was considered satisfactory by 77% of patients. At final followup, ½ of the knees showed radiographic signs of medial osteoarthritis. The most important risk factors predicting revision were age greater than 50 years and a preoperative arthritis Ahlback grade of 3 or more.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study (case series). See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.