Double-bundle ACL Reconstruction Can Improve Rotational Stability

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Abstract

Double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction reproduces anteromedial and posterolateral bundles, and thus has theoretical advantages over conventional single-bundle reconstruction in controlling rotational torque in vitro. However, its superiority in clinical practice has not been proven. We analyzed rotational stability with three reconstruction techniques in 60 consecutive patients who were randomly divided into three groups (double-bundle, anteromedial single-bundle, posterolateral single-bundle). In the reconstructive procedure, the hamstring tendon was harvested and used as a free tendon graft. Followup examinations were performed 1 year after surgery. Anteroposterior laxity of the knee was examined with a KT-1000 arthrometer, whereas rotatory instability, as elicited by the pivot shift test, was assessed using a new measurement system incorporating three-dimensional electromagnetic sensors. Routine clinical evaluations, including KT examination, demonstrated no differences among the three groups. However, using the new measurement system, patients with double-bundle ACL reconstruction showed better pivot shift control of complex instability than patients with anteromedial and posterolateral single-bundle reconstruction.

Level of Evidence: Level II, therapeutic study. See the Guideline for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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