Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma, and Ewing's Sarcoma: National Cancer Data Base Report

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We summarize descriptive epidemiologic and survival data from the National Cancer Data Base of the American College of Surgeons for 26,437 cases of osteosarcoma (n = 11,961), chondrosarcoma (n = 9606), and Ewing's sarcoma (n = 4870) from 1985 to 2003. Survival data are reported on cases with a minimum 5-year followup from 1985 to 1998 (8,104 osteosarcomas, 6,476 chondrosarcomas, and 3,225 Ewing's sarcomas). The relative 5-year survival rate was 53.9% for osteosarcoma, 75.2% for chondrosarcoma, and 50.6% for Ewing's sarcoma. Survival rates did not change notably over the collection period. Within osteosarcomas, the relative 5-year survival rates were 52.6% for high grade, 85.9% for parosteal, and 17.8% for Paget's subtypes. For osteosarcoma patients, the relative 5-year survival rate was 60% for those younger than 30 years, 50% for those aged 30 to 49 years, and 30% for those aged 50 years or older. Within chondrosarcomas, the relative 5-year survival rate was 76% for conventional, 71% for myxoid, 87% for juxtacortical, and 52% for mesenchymal. While the National Cancer Data Base has limitations, the survival data and demographics for bone sarcomas are unprecedented in numbers and duration. Our report supports continued efforts to refine data collection and stimulate further data analysis.Level of Evidence: Level II, prognostic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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