Chemical compatibility of inotropic and vasoactive agents delivered via a multiple line infusion system

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ObjectivesTo determine the chemical compatibility of three different triple drug admixtures diluted with either 5% dextrose in water or 0.9% NaCl solution when administered via a multiple line infusion system (Omni-Flow 4000 Registered Trademark, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL). The triple drug admixtures were: a) dobutamine, dopamine, and norepinephrine; b) nitroglycerin, sodium nitroprusside, and dobutamine; and c) nitroglycerin, dopamine, and dobutamine.DesignTwo phase in vitro compatibility study.SettingPharmaceutical laboratory.SubjectsNone.InterventionsPhase I assessed chemical stability when the triple drug admixture was placed in a single container. In phase II, individual drug components of the admixtures were infused via the multiple line infusion system. Samples were collected at time 0, 1 hr, 2 hrs, 4 hrs, 12 hrs, and 24 hrs. All samples were frozen and stored at -70 degrees C until assayed.Measurements and Main ResultsSamples were assayed using stability-indicating high performance liquid chromatography. The triple drug admixtures were considered to be chemically stable if there was ConclusionsAll triple drug admixtures were chemically stable when placed in single containers. Dobutamine, norepinephrine, and sodium nitroprusside showed chemical stability when delivered via a multiple line infusion system. The reduced recovery of nitroglycerin from the test infusion system may result from adsorption of the nitroglycerin to the polyvinyl chloride plastic cassette and tubing during infusion.(Crit Care Med 1995; 23:1061-1066)

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