To determine the allele frequency and genotype distribution of a bi-allelic tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene polymorphism and plasma TNF-alpha concentrations in postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) patients suffering from severe sepsis.Design
Prospective, consecutive entry study of patients with severe sepsis in a postoperative ICU.Setting
Forty patients with diagnosis of severe sepsis, admitted to the ICU between June 1993 and December 1994.Interventions
None.Measurements and Main Results
A 782 basepairs fragment of genomic DNA, including the polymorphic site of the restriction enzyme Ncol within the TNF locus, was amplified by means of polymerase chain reaction. The genotype of each patient was determined after Ncol digestion of the amplified product and subsequent agarose gel electrophoresis. Reading the size of the resulting DNA bands from the agarose gel demonstrated the genotype, as defined by the two alleles TNFB1 and TNFB2. Serial blood samples were drawn every sixth hour during the first 48 hrs and every 12th hour thereafter, for less than equals 96 hrs after diagnosis. TNF-alpha plasma concentrations were detected by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Assessment of organ dysfunction was performed by calculating a Multiple Organ Failure score.Conclusions
The bi-allelic Ncol polymorphism within the TNF locus is a genomic marker for patients with increased TNF-alpha response and poor prognosis in severe sepsis. The amount of TNF released in situations of severe infection and sepsis appears to be influenced genetically. TNFB2 homozygous individuals displaying increased circulating TNF plasma concentrations combined with high mortality rate may be included in future studies testing anti-TNF strategies in severe sepsis.