The critical care clinical pharmacist: Evolution of an essential team member


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Abstract

Objective:To review the history, training requirements, contributions to patient care outcomes, and workforce issues of critical care pharmacists.Data Source and Selection:Literature obtained through Medline search with manual cross-referencing.Data Extraction and Synthesis:Original and selected review articles and guideline documents were reviewed for references to critical care pharmacists and their role on the multiprofessional critical care team.Conclusions:Critical care pharmacists are recognized as essential members of the critical care team as a result of contributions to medication safety, improved patient outcomes, and reduced drug costs and as a source of drug information and provider of education. A growing number of pharmacists practice in critical care. Additional opportunities exist and can be met if an adequate supply of trained specialists can be developed.

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