Furosemide does not improve renal recovery after hemofiltration for acute renal failure in critically ill patients: A double blind randomized controlled trial*

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Objective:To study the potential beneficial role of furosemide in resolving renal failure after hemofiltration in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.Design:Single-center randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study.Setting:A 13-bed mixed intensive care unit (ICU) in a teaching hospital.Patients:Patients who had been treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration were included.Interventions:After the end of continuous venovenous hemofiltration, the urine of the first 4 hours was collected for measuring creatinine clearance. Patients were subsequently randomized for furosemide (0.5 mg/kg/hr) or placebo by continuous infusion. To prevent hypovolemia, the rate of fluid infusion was adapted every hour and was set as the urinary production of the previous hour.Measurements and Main Results:End points were renal recovery (creatinine clearance more than 30 mL/min or stable serum creatinine without renal replacement therapy) in the ICU and in the hospital. Seventy-two patients were included and 71 were eligible for the analysis. The 36 furosemide-treated patients had a significantly increased urinary volume compared with the 35 placebo-treated patients (median 247 mL/hr (interquartile range [IQR] 774 mL/hr) vs. 117 mL/hr (IQR 158 mL/hr), p = 0.003) and greater sodium excretion (median 73 mmol/L (IQR 48) vs. 37 (IQR 48) mmol/L, p = 0.001). In the furosemide group 25 patients and in the placebo group 27 patients showed recovery of renal function at ICU discharge (p = 0.46). Two patients of the furosemide group needed long-term dialysis dependency (p = 0.23).Conclusion:Furosemide by continuous infusion in the recovery phase of hemofiltration-dependent acute kidney failure did increase urinary volume and sodium excretion but did not lead to a shorter duration of renal failure or more frequent renal recovery.

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