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To compare the diagnostic value of circulating Sta-Liatest D-Di levels in classic acute aortic dissection (AAD) and in aortic intramural hematoma (AIH), a variant of AAD without a patent false lumen.Single-center retrospective case-control study.University Hospital of Strasbourg, France.Ninety-four consecutive patients with both confirmed AAD and d-dimer measurements at entry were included. d-dimer levels were assayed by the immunoturbidimetric method Sta-Liatest D-Di (Diagnostica Stago, Asnieres sur Seine, France).Patient characteristics and clinical evolution were analyzed.Eighty-four patients (89%) presented a classic AAD with patent false lumen and ten (11%) presented an AIH. Clinical presentation did not differ between the two groups. The mortality rate was 0% in AIH and 26% in classic AAD. d-dimer levels were significantly lower in patients with AIH (median, 1230 ng/mL; interquartile range, 685–2645 ng/mL) than in patients with AAD with patent false lumen (median value, 9290 ng/mL; interquartile range, 3890–20,000 ng/mL; p = 0.008). All patients with AAD and patent false lumen had d-dimer levels above the threshold of 400 ng/mL (sensitivity 100%). However, one patient with AIH presented d-dimer levels below the threshold. Therefore, the sensitivity of the d-dimer test in detecting AIH was 90%.Sta-Liatest D-Di levels are lower in AIH than in AAD with patent false lumen. This test can quite possibly be negative in the case of intramural hematoma. This feature must be considered when interpreting d-dimer levels in patients with acute aortic syndrome.