Procalcitonin-guided algorithms of antibiotic therapy in the intensive care unit: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objective:

There is increasing interest for strategies that could curtail antibiotic resistance in the critical care setting. We sought to determine the effectiveness and safety of procalcitonin-guided algorithms in the management of septic patients in the intensive care unit.

Data Sources:

MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (through April 2010), reference lists of retrieved publications, and queries of corresponding authors. No language restrictions were applied.

Study Selection:

We included only randomized controlled studies reporting on antibiotic use and clinical outcomes of intensive care unit patients managed with a procalcitonin-guided algorithm or according to routine practice.

Data Extraction:

Data on study characteristics, interventions, and outcomes were retrieved by two independent reviewers. Pooled odds ratios, weighted mean differences, and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by implementing both the Mantel-Haenszel fixed effect model and the DerSimonian-Laird random effects model.

Data Synthesis:

Seven randomized controlled studies involving 1131 intensive care unit patients (adults = 1010; neonates = 121) were included. In comparison with routine practice, the implementation of procalcitonin-guided algorithms decreased the duration of antibiotic therapy for the first episode of infection by approximately 2 days (weighted mean difference = −2.36 days; 95% confidence interval, −3.11 to −1.61) and the total duration of antibiotic treatment by 4 days (fixed effect model: weighted mean difference: −4.19 days; 95% confidence interval, −4.98 to −3.39). The comparison between the procalcitonin and the routine practice group was not associated with any apparent adverse clinical outcome: 28-day mortality (fixed effect model: odds ratio = 0.93; 95% confidence interval, 0.69 to 1.26), intensive care unit length of stay (fixed effect model: pooled weighted mean difference = −0.49 days, 95% confidence interval, −1.55 to 0.57), and relapsed/persistent infection rate (fixed effect model: odds ratio = 0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.56 to 1.69).

Conclusions:

The implementation of a procalcitonin-based algorithm may reduce antibiotic exposure in critically ill, septic patients without compromising clinical outcomes, but further research is necessary before the wide adoption of this strategy.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles