The Effects of Stimulus Frequency and Recording Site on the Amplitude and Latency of Multichannel Cortical Auditory Evoked Potential (CAEP) Component N1

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Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) applications in auditory evoked field (AEF) recordings have demonstrated that both tonotopicity and amplitopicity exist in the auditory cortex. The present study was conducted to determine whether previously reported characteristics of the AEF could be identified in multichannel cortical auditory evoked potential N1e (e.g., the electrical correlate of the magnetically recorded N1m) component recordings. Multichannel auditory evoked potentials from 11 young normal adults were collected after monaural tone burst stimuli of 250, 1000, and 4000 Hz. Results demonstrated that N1e amplitudes after stimulation at 250 Hz were significantly larger than those obtained after stimulation at 1000 or 4000 Hz. These frequency-specific differences existed for latency as well. Responses obtained after stimulation at 250 Hz were, on the average, 13 msec longer than those obtained after stimulation at 1000 or 4000 Hz. Also, contralateral latencies were significantly shorter than ipsilateral latencies. Although the significant frequency-specific amplitude results support the findings of previous investigators, the frequency-related latency differences have not been described. An explanation of these differences may exist in the spatial differences in the reception areas for low- and high-frequency tones in the primary auditory cortex.

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