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From 1953 to 1982, 257 patients with complete rectal prolapse were operated upon. To the procedure described by Orr, we have added mobilization of the rectum prior to its suspension and eliminated the pouch of Douglas, and nylon strips have been used for suspension in most patients. There were 57 male and 200 female patients. Ages ranged from 11 to 90 years. Sixty-one patients had already undergone surgery for rectal prolapse with another procedure and prolapse had recurred. The postoperative course was uneventful in 96 per cent of patients. Two patients, aged 79 to 83 years, died of cardiac failure. Follow-up of 115 patients ranged from five to 23 years. Recurrent rectal prolapse was observed in 4,3 per cent of the patients in whom nylon strips were used to suspend the rectum. In 136 patients anal incontinence was associated with rectal prolapse. Normal continence was restored in 84.1 per cent of 107 patients with rectopexy alone and in 64.2 per cent of 14 patients who underwent rectopexy and anal sphincter repair. It is concluded that rectopexy to the promotory with nylon strips after mobilization of the rectum is a safe and efficient procedure for the treatment of rectal prolapse.