One hundred thirteen patients underwent anterior resection for complete rectal prolapse betwen 1968 and 1980. These patients were followed for an average of seven years; recurrence developed in eight patients (9 percent). Recurrences were found to occur at three months to eight years postoperatively, and the probability of a recurrence at two, five, and ten years was 3 percent, 6 percent, and 12 percent, respectively. Operative mortality was 1 percent and morbidity was 29 percent. Low anterior resectioin, with anastomosis in the deperitonealized portion of the colon, was found to increase morbidity without significantly decreasing recurrence when compared with high anterior resection. The effects of repair on patient continence were unpredictable. High anterior resection is preferable to low anterior resection in the treatment of rectal prolapse and offers results comparable to those of other repairs currently being performed.