Anterior Sacral Meningocele With Presacral Cysts: Report of a Case

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Anterior sacral meningocele is a rare anomaly most frequently presenting as a presacral mass. Since the first description in 1837, approximately 150 cases have been reported. The case presented is a 37-year-old female in whom an asymptomatic presacral mass was discovered during her first delivery. Because normal delivery was impossible, a cesarean section was performed. A year later, in a regional hospital a “cystic presacral tumor” was treated with biopsy and drainage. Four years later, she developed constipation caused by perineal compression for which she was admitted to our department in which two anterior presacral cysts were excised. The recovery was complicated with meningitis, which was successfully treated with antibiotics. Whenever a presacral mass is found, anterior sacral meningocele has to be a diagnostic consideration. The symptoms are usually related to the compression on rectum, bladder, and sacral nervous plexus. Rectal examination and radiography of the pelvis with the sacral bone showing the “scimitar sign” are the main diagnostic methods. Myelography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are the best methods for identifying the precise anatomy of sacral meningocele and for proper planning of the operation. Transvaginal or transrectal aspiration and drainage are not advised, because they may result in a lethal outcome caused by sepsis.

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