Cytoreductive Surgery With Intraperitoneal Chemohyperthermia for the Treatment of Pseudomyxoma Peritonei: A Prospective Study

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Abstract

PURPOSE:

Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a rare disease. Recently, cytoreductive surgery with intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy has emerged as a promising treatment for this debilitating condition. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate this treatment strategy.

METHOD:

Twenty-seven patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei who were treated by cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemohyperthermia between 1997 and 2003 were identified from a prospective database.

RESULTS:

Clinical presentation included suspected appendicitis (33 percent), increased abdominal girth (30 percent), and a suspected ovarian mass (26 percent). Twenty-two patients underwent surgery elsewhere before referral. Seventeen complications occurred in 12 patients (44 percent). Six were considered major: three anastomotic leaks, two pleural effusions, and one intra-abdominal abscess. Histologic examination demonstrated Grade 1, 2, and 3 disease in 8 (30 percent), 10 (37 percent), and 9 patients (33 percent), respectively. Pathologic grade showed a significant influence on the complication rate (P= 0 0.008). The actuarial five-year survival was 100 percent for patients with Grade 1 disease, whereas actuarial one-, two-, three-, and five-year survival for Grades 2 and 3 were 100, 80, 64, and 32 percent, respectively (P= 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS:

Cytoreductive surgery with intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy is a feasable treatment for pseudomyxoma peritonei. It is associated with acceptable morbidity when performed by an experienced surgical team. Histologic grade is the major determinant of survival.

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