Visceral Fat Is Associated With Mucosal Healing of Infliximab Treatment in Crohn’s Disease

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Visceral fat is the pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease and is associated with disease status.

OBJECTIVE:

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the visceral fat on mucosal healing in patients with Crohn’s disease after infliximab induction therapy

DESIGN:

This was a retrospective study.

SETTINGS:

The study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital.

PATIENTS:

Between 2011 and 2017, 97 patients with Crohn’s disease with the presence of ulcers underwent infliximab therapy.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

We studied them retrospectively. Mucosal healing was the end point. Patients composed 2 groups: mucosal healing and no mucosal healing. Univariate, multivariate, and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses determined the predictive value of the visceral fat area.

RESULTS:

Univariate analysis showed a statistically significant difference in the smoking history between the groups. Mucosal healing rates after infliximab were lower among active smokers (p = 0.022). Healed patients had significantly less visceral fat area before therapy (47.76 ± 4.94 vs 75.88 ± 5.55; p = 0.000) and a lower mesenteric fat index (0.52 ± 0.04 vs 0.89 ± 0.07; p = 0.000). There was no significant difference in the subcutaneous fat area (87.39 ± 5.01 vs 93.31 ± 6.95; p = 0.500). Multivariate analysis showed that only visceral fat area (OR = 0.978 (95% CI, 0.964–0.992); p = 0.002) and smoking history (OR = 0.305 (95% CI, 0.089–0.996); p = 0.041) were independent factors for mucosal healing. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed predictive cutoff values of 61.5 cm2 and 0.62 for visceral fat area and mesenteric fat index.

LIMITATIONS:

This was a retrospective study.

CONCLUSIONS:

There was an association between increased visceral fat area and attenuated mucosal healing after infliximab therapy in biologically naive patients with Crohn’s disease, indicating a need for earlier increased infliximab doses among patients with increased visceral fat. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A590.

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