Managing the Care of Health and the Cure of Disease—Part II:Integration
Systems that are highly differentiated generally require correspondingly high degrees of integration. We concluded in Part I that the system properly labeled "health care and disease cure" is characterized by an enormously high degree of differentiation yet rather low levels of integration. Either differentiation has to be reduced or integration increased. Since differentiation is not only the very essence of this system, but also a source of its great strength, it is the level of integration that shall have to be increased.