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The use of gadolinium (Gd)-BOPTA as a magnetic resonance contrast agent for central nervous system disease was studied in a canine brain abscess model.A Streptococcus faecalis brain abscess was evaluated in five dogs at 1.5 T. Imaging was performed during the late cerebritis stage, at 5 to 7 days after surgery. Magnetic resonance scans were acquired before and at 1, 5, 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes after contrast administration, using a dose of 0.1 mmol/kg. Scans also were acquired both before and after contrast injection with the implementation of magnetization transfer.Lesion enhancement, quantified by region-of-interest measurement, peaked at 5 minutes after contrast injection. Both the increase in lesion enhancement from 1 to 5 minutes after injection and the decrease from 5 to 15 minutes after injection, although small, were statistically significant (P < 0.004 and P < 0.03, respectively). The application of magnetization transfer improved lesion enhancement, as measured by signal difference/noise, by 39%. This result also was statistically significant (P < 0.001).In intraparenchymal brain infection, Gd-BOPTA provides effective lesion enhancement when used at a dose of 0.1 mmol/kg. Further research is needed to compare the magnitude of enhancement achieved with Gd-BOPTA, which has weak protein binding and both hepatobiliary and renal excretion, with that with Gd chelates, which have pure renal excretion.