Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Focal Liver Lesions: Comparison of the Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Resovist Versus Gadolinium-DTPA in the Same Patient

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Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES

The authors assess the efficacy of static and dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using the superparamagnetic iron oxide SHU-555A (Resovist®) versus standard dose of gadolinium (Gd)-DTPA in patients with focal liver lesions.

METHODS

Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 30 patients suffering from histopathologically verified malignant (n = 22) and benign (n = 8) liver lesions. T2-weighted conventional and fat-suppressed as well as T1-weighted sequences were used before, during, and after fast intravenous administration of Resovist (1 mL/minute) at three doses of 4, 8, and 16 μmol/kg body weight. One week before the Resovist-enhanced MR imaging study 20 patients underwent Gd-DTPA-enhanced MR imaging.

RESULTS

Detection rate was improved for metastatic lesions revealing 36 lesions unenhanced versus 53 focal lesions using Resovist-enhanced MR imaging. Gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced scans showed no additional lesion versus unenhanced and Resovist-enhanced MR imaging. Static and dynamic imaging demonstrated no measurable percentage signal intensity loss (PSIL) using Resovist-enhanced MR imaging versus a percentage enhancement of 79.7% in Gd-DTPA enhanced scans. In the dynamic T2-weighted sequences, hepatocellular carcinoma nodules (n = 4) showed a rapid decrease in signal intensity starting at 44 seconds. Postinfusion of Resovist followed by a low, constant increase in signal intensity. Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced scans showed a percentage enhancement of 73.4 focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hemangioma revealed a strong and early dose-dependent PSIL 44 to 60 seconds postinfusion with a prolonged signal loss for the FNH in the late study. Statistical evaluation revealed a statistically significant superiority of Resovist-enhanced MR imaging concerning the detection and delineation of focal liver lesions compared with unenhanced and Gd-DTPA enhanced scans (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

The fast infusion of the new superparamagnetic contrast agent Resovist shows advantages for dynamic and static MR imaging of focal liver lesions.

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