Analysis of Cardiac Function—Comparison Between 1.5 Tesla and 3.0 Tesla Cardiac Cine Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Preliminary Experience

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Abstract

Purpose:

We sought to assess the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate cardiac function at 3.0 T compared with 1.5 T.

Material and Methods:

In a prospective intraindividual comparative study, 12 volunteers (range, 18–54 years), and 2 patients (range, 43–53 years) underwent cardiac cine magnetic resonance at both 3.0 T and 1.5 T. Data were acquired both with a steady-state free precession sequence (SSFP) and a spoiled gradient echo (SGE) sequence. If necessary, a frequency scout was used to correct for off-resonance artifacts. For both SSFP and SGE imaging, 6-mm thick retrospectively EKG-gated short axis views were acquired with equal matrix size (192 × 163) and comparable repetition time (TR). Cardiac function parameters were determined manually by a single investigator. Cardiac function parameters, signal to noise ratio (SNR), contrast to noise ratio (CNR), and the presence of artifacts were compared between the 2 magnetic field strengths. For statistical analysis, a Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated, and a paired Student t test was used to test statistical significance.

Results:

Very good correlations between cardiac function parameters at 1.5 T and 3.0 T (r > 0.84, P < 0.0011) were obtained. Compared with SGE, SSFP more frequently was prone to artifacts. With SSFP/SGE at 3.0 T, a SNR gain of 9.4/16% was achieved compared with 1.5 T.

Conclusion:

Functional cardiac cine magnetic resonance imaging can be regarded as equally accurate at 3.0 T compared with 1.5 T. Compared with SSFP imaging, the SGE sequence benefits more from higher field strengths and is less affected by artifacts.

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