Estimation of Liver Function Using T1 Mapping on Gd-EOB-DTPA-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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Abstract

Objectives:

To investigate the ability of T1 mapping of liver on gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging for the estimation of liver function.

Materials and Methods:

Local institutional review board approved this study. Ninety-one patients (64 men, 27 women; mean age, 67.4 years) were classified into 4 groups as follows: normal liver function (NLF), n = 16; chronic hepatitis (CH), n = 38; liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh A (LCA), n = 20; and liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh B (LCB), n = 17. Look-Locker sequences (single slice multiphase imaging using gradient-echo sequence with inversion recovery pulse) were obtained before and at 3, 8, 13, and 18 minutes after Gd-EOB-DTPA administration. T1 mapping of liver parenchyma was calculated from the Look-Locker sequence. T1 relaxation time of liver and reduction rate of T1 relaxation time between pre- and postcontrast enhancement were measured. The Bonferroni t test was used for comparisons between the 4 groups.

Results:

Precontrast T1 relaxation times were significantly longer for LCA and LCB than for NLF, and that of LCB was longer than that of chronic hepatitis (P < 0.05). Postcontrast T1 relaxation times were significantly longer for LCB than for other groups at all time points. Those of LCA were longer than those of NLF at all time points. Reduction rates were significantly lower for LCB than for the other groups at ≥8 minutes.

Conclusions:

Evaluation of hepatic uptake of Gd-EOB-DTPA using T1 mapping of liver parenchyma can help estimate liver function.

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