Results of proximal tibial osteotomy. The effects of tibiofemoral angle, stance-phase flexion-extension, and medial-plateau force

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Forty-eight knees were evaluated after proximal tibial osteotomy, performed for varus deformity to determine the desired amount of correction of the deformity, the effect of osteotomy on knee motion during gait and one medial-plateau force during standing, and the relationships between these factors and the result. Correction of the tibiofemoral angle to 5 degrees of genu valgum or more produced the best and most lasting results. Stance-phase flexion-extension increased the rotation decreased in knees with good results while the other gait parameters were not significantly changed. Medial-plateau force was decreased by successful tibial osteotomy. The knees with the best and most lasting results had 7 degrees of stance-phase flexion-extension or more during walking and either a valgus tibiofemoral angle of 5 degrees or more or a medial-plateau force of 50 per cent of body weight or less.

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