Observations on patellar height after proximal tibial osteotomy.

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Abstract

Sixty-six knees (sixty patients) that had had a proximal tibial osteotomy were evaluated to determine if any alteration of the patellar height had occurred as a result of the operation. Eighty-nine per cent of the patellae, as measured by the Insall-Salvati index, and 76.3 per cent, as measured by the Blackburne-Peel index, were observed to be lowered as they appeared on the postoperative lateral radiograph. This was probably due to shortening of the patellar ligament after prolonged immobilization in a cast, interstitial scarring of the patellar ligament, and new-bone formation in the area of insertion of the patellar ligament. There was no correlation between the postoperative height of the patella and the need for subsequent revision to a total knee replacement.

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