A quantitative evaluation of periprosthetic bone-remodeling after cementless total hip arthroplasty.
Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry analysis was used to determine the periprosthetic bone-mineral content of ten femora that had been obtained at the autopsies of five elderly patients who had had an AML (anatomic medullary locking) prosthesis in situ for seventeen to eighty-four months. Clinical radiographs showed resorptive remodeling changes characteristic of femora containing this implant. Before the absorptiometry was performed, an identical prosthesis had been inserted into the contralateral, normal femur of each cadaver. The mean difference in the periprosthetic bone-mineral content between the remodeled femora and the femora in which the prosthesis had been implanted post mortem ranged from 7 to 52 per cent, with the bone-mineral content always less in the remodeled femora. The greatest mean decrease in bone-mineral content (45 per cent) occurred adjacent to the proximal one-third of the remodeled femora. The percentage decrease in periprosthetic bone-mineral content in the remodeled femora had an inverse linear relationship with the corresponding bone-mineral content of the contralateral control femora. Preoperative analysis of bone density may therefore be useful for prediction of the extent of resorptive bone-remodeling after total hip replacement.