Operative Treatment of Chest Wall Injuries: Indications, Technique, and Outcomes

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Most injuries to the chest wall with residual deformity do not result in long-term respiratory dysfunction unless they are associated with pulmonary contusion.Indications for operative fixation include flail chest, reduction of pain and disability, a chest wall deformity or defect, symptomatic nonunion, thoracotomy for other indications, and open fractures.Operative indications for chest wall injuries are rare.

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