Noncandidal, Fungal Infections of the Burn Wound

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Candidal (yeast) and noncandidal (filamentous fungal) wound infections have become an increasingly important cause of burn-associated morbidity and mortality. However, these two diseases differ markedly in their epidemiology, onset, appearance, diagnosis, and treatment. In the last four years, we have had five cases of noncandidal sepsis (four mucoraceae and one aspergillus) that are illustrative of these differences. Early recognition and diagnosis are essential. Radical excision when the infection is confined to superficial invasion of only one anatomic area is key to decreasing mortality from this lethal disease.

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