Coadministration of Nefazodone and Benzodiazepines: IV.* A Pharmacokinetic Interaction Study With Lorazepam


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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the potential for an interaction between nefazodone (NEF), a new antidepressant, and lorazepam (LOR) after single-and multiple-dose administration in a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study in healthy male volunteers. A total of 12 subjects per group received either placebo (PLA) twice daily, 2 mg of LOR twice daily, 200 mg of NEF twice daily, or the combination of 2 mg of LOR and 200 mg of NEF (LOR + NEF) twice daily for 7 days. Plasma samples were collected after dosing on day 1 and day 7 and before the morning dose on days 4, 5, and 6 for the determination of LOR, NEF, and NEF metabolites hydroxy (HO)-NEF, m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), and dione by validated high-performance liquid chromatography methods. Steady-state levels in plasma were reached by day 4 for LOR, NEF, HO-NEF, mCPP, and dione. Noncompartmental pharmacokinetic analysis showed that there was no effect of LOR on the single dose or steady-state pharmacokinetics of NEF, HO-NEF, or dione after coadministration. The steady-state mCPP Cmax values decreased 36% for the LOR + NEF group in comparison to that when NEF was given alone. There was no effect of NEF on the pharmacokinetics of LOR after coadministration. The absence of an interaction appears to be attributable to LOR's metabolic clearance being dependant on conjugation rather than hydroxylation. Overall, no change in LOR or NEF dosage is necessary when the two drugs are coadministered. (J Clin Psychopharmacol 1995;15:409-416).

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