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This 7-week trial assessed the efficacy and tolerability of aripiprazole combined with escitalopram in the acute treatment of major depressive disorder, with psychotic features (MD-Psy).Sixteen male and female patients with a Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, diagnosis of MD-Psy were recruited for this study from September 13, 2004 to August 9, 2006. Escitalopram and aripiprazole were flexibly dosed for 7 weeks, with maximum dosages of 20 and 30 mg/d, respectively. The 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D-17) and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV psychosis module were used to measure depression and psychosis responses. The Barnes Akathisia Scale and the Simpson Angus Scale were used to assess for akathisia and extrapyramidal symptoms.Thirteen of the 16 subjects completed the study. The MD-Psy response rate (50% or greater drop in HAM-D-17 and no psychosis) (intent-to-treat, last observation carried forward) was 62.5%, and the MD-Psy remission rate (HAM-D-17, <8, and no psychosis) (intent-to-treat, last observation carried forward) was 50.0%. Ten of the 16 subjects developed akathisia; however, 9 of the 10 subjects had resolution or partial resolution of akathisia with dose adjustment or treatment with propranolol.The combination of escitalopram and aripiprazole seems to be an effective and safe treatment for MD-Psy.