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Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, also known as extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is caused by inhalation of specific environmental organic antigens. This disease may have typical high-resolution CT findings that, in the appropriate clinical setting, can be sufficiently characteristic to allow a confident diagnosis without the need for a lung biopsy. In this pictorial essay, the high-resolution CT patterns of hypersensitivity pneumonitis are illustrated. The authors emphasize the correlation among the radiologic presentation, functional abnormalities, and pathologic findings.