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The purpose of this study was to clarify the difference between cerebral blood flow (CBF) by perfusion computed tomography (CT) and that by xenon-enhanced CT (Xe-CT) through simultaneous measurement.Xenon-enhanced CT and perfusion CT were continually performed on 7 normal subjects. Ratios of CBF by perfusion CT (P-CBF) to CBF by Xe-CT (Xe-CBF) were measured for 5 arterial territories; 3 were territories of 3 major arteries (the anterior [ACA], middle [MCA], and posterior [PCA] cerebral arteries), and the other 2 were areas of the thalamus and putamen.The ratios were 1.30 ± 0.10, 1.26 ± 0.15, 1.61 ± 0.15, 0.801 ± 0.087, and 0.798 ± 0.080 for the ACA, MCA, PCA, thalamus, and putamen, respectively. Although a good correlation was observed between P-CBF and Xe-CBF for each territory, the ratios were significantly different (P < 0.0001) between 3 territory groups (group 1: ACA and MCA, group 2: PCA, and group 3: thalamus and putamen).The difference in the ratio of P-CBF to Xe-CBF between the 3 territory groups was considered to result principally from the features of P-CBF. To evaluate P-CBF properly, its territorial characteristics should be taken into account.