Right Ventricle Shape and Contraction Patterns and Relation to Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

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Objective:To analyze and to describe the shape and contraction of the normal right ventricle (RV) as visualized by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods:Thirty normal volunteers were imaged using cine MRI in axial, short-axis, and long-axis planes. The shape and contraction of the RV were qualitatively evaluated. Quantitative evaluation of RV shape was performed by calculating the angle subtended between the planes of horizontal long-axis view (HLA) and axial view and the RV base-to-apex distance. Multiplanar reformation was used to visualize changes between corresponding views.Results:The spectrum of major RV shape (wedge, box, and round) was more variable on axial images (17%, 43%, and 23%, respectively) than on HLA images (63%, 20%, and 0%, respectively). Focal outpouching of the RV free wall was more frequent on the axial view than on the HLA view. The subtended plane angle and base-to-apex distance showed statistically significant dependence indicative of an artificially foreshortened RV in the axial view with a direct influence on RV variations.Conclusions:With increasing subtended angles, variation of the normal RV appearance is substantially higher on axial views compared with HLA views.

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