To determine the frequency of typical features of pancreatic cystic lesions on high-resolution computed tomography and the combination of features that best influences discrimination.Methods:
Ten computed tomography features of 100 proven pancreatic cystic lesions were retrospectively tabulated by 2 blinded imagers. After final diagnosis was revealed, each lesion was categorized as typical or atypical. Stepwise multivariable logistic regression was used to determine which of 10 imaging and 4 clinical features significantly distinguished between benign and malignant lesions.Results:
There were 38 benign cysts and 62 cystic tumors. Serous lesions presented with greater than 6 cysts (83%) and cysts of less than 2 cm (44%). Mucinous lesions presented with cysts of 2 cm or greater (82%) and less than 6 cysts (64%). Pseudocysts, serous, and mucinous lesions presented typically in 77%, 67%, and 64% of cases, respectively. The significant variables in classifying malignant lesions are pancreatitis history, cyst size, symptoms, and calcification pattern (area under the curve, 0.837).Conclusions:
Four specific imaging and clinical features in combination best predict a malignant lesion.