How Different Iterative and Filtered Back Projection Kernels Affect Computed Tomography Numbers and Low Contrast Detectability

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ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate how different iterative and filtered back projection kernels affect the computed tomography (CT) numbers and low contrast detectability.MethodsFive different scans were performed at 6 different tube potentials on the same Catphan 600 phantom using approximately the same dose level and otherwise identical settings. The scans were reconstructed using all available filtered back projection body kernels and with iterative reconstruction techniques.ResultsThe CT numbers and the contrast-to-noise ratios were reported and how they are affected by the kernel choice and strength of iterative reconstruction.ConclusionsIterative reconstruction improved contrast-to-noise ratio in most cases, but in certain situations, it decreased it. Variations in CT numbers can be large between kernels with similar sharpness for certain densities.

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