Metastatic Septic Endophthalmitis in Pyogenic Liver Abscess


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Abstract

In a consecutive series of 180 patients with pyogenic liver abscess, three patients (two men and one woman, between 46 and 75 years of age) had metastatic Klebsiella endophthalmitis. The incidence of metastatic endophthalmitis was 1.7% in patients with pyogenic liver abscess, 5.2% in patients with Klebsiella liver abscess, and 7.8% in patients with Klebsiella liver abscess having Klebsiella bacteremia. Despite aggressive therapeutic measures, the men permanently lost their vision and the woman eventually required an evisceration of her right eye. Delayed recognition and/or treatment as well as the nature of bacteria probably contributed to the tragic outcome. The findings suggest that a high index of suspicion is critical and a combined effort of the internist and ophthalmologist is mandatory.

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