Addition of a H2 Receptor Antagonist to PPI Improves Acid Control and Decreases Nocturnal Acid Breakthrough

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Abstract

Background

The addition of a bedtime H2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) b.i.d. to inhibit nocturnal acid breakthrough (NAB) is controversial. H2RA tolerance has been documented suggesting limitations in its long-term effect.

Aim

To compare the intragastric pH and NAB occurring with twice daily PPI with or without the addition of a H2RA.

Method

Multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH studies in 100 patients were reviewed. Fifty-eight patients (female 41; mean age, 54 y; range, 17 to 85) were studied on twice daily PPI. Forty-two patients (female 36; mean age, 53 y; range 20 to 85) were studied on a PPI b.i.d.+H2RA for at least 1 month at bedtime. The percentage time of intragastric pH<4 (upright, recumbent, and total) and NAB were compared between the groups.

Results

In the patients with PPI b.i.d. 64% had NAB, compared with only 17% of patients on PPI b.i.d. and H2RA q.h.s. (P<0.001). The percent time intragastric pH<4 for patients on PPI b.i.d. was significantly higher (P<0.01) compared with patients on PPI b.i.d.+H2RA q.h.s. during upright (29.1±3.0 vs. 18.3±2.9), recumbent (33.5±3.4 vs. 12.5±3.1), and entire period (31.5±2.8 vs. 18.0±3.0).

Conclusions

The addition of a bedtime H2RA reduces the percentage time of the intragastric pH<4 and also NAB. H2RA should be considered as adjunct therapy in whom greater suppression of gastric acid control is considered desirable.

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