Effects of dopamine DA1-receptor blockade and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on the renal actions of fenoldopam in the anaesthetized dog


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Abstract

Experiments were performed in anaesthetized dogs to characterize the renal effects of the selective dopamine DA1-receptor agonist, fenoldopam. Intrarenal artery infusion of fenoldopam (0.01-10µg/kg per min) caused dose-related renal vasodilation. At low doses (0.01-0.3 µg/kg per min), renal vasodilation occurred without concomitant falls in blood pressure but was accompanied by increased urine output. This diuresis was most probably a result of reduced tubular reabsorption since glomerular filtration rate was not increased. Both fenoldopam-induced renal vasodilation and diuresis were blocked to a similar extent by the selective dopamine DA1-receptor antagonist, SCH 23390 (30µg/kg, intravenously), suggesting that both effects were mediated by dopamine DA1-receptors. In the presence of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril (1 mg/kg, intravenously, + 20 µg/kg per min, intrarenal artery), fenoldopam (0.01-0.3µg/kg per min) significantly increased fractional excretion of sodium, despite reducing blood pressure; neither of these effects were observed in captopril-free dogs. These observations support the view that the inhibitory effect of fenoldopam on tubular function, and its vasodepressor activity, may be opposed by angiotensin II resulting from fenoldopam-induced renin release

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