Quality of Life for Patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder

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Abstract

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common, distressing, and impairing disorder. Quality of life in BDD, however, has not been investigated. In this study, 62 consecutive outpatients with BDD were evaluated with the self-report Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and other scales. SF-36 scores were descriptively compared to published norms for several populations. Physical health-related quality of life scores were generally worse than general U.S. population norms and better than norms for outpatients with a medical illness or depression. However, in all mental health domains, BDD subjects' scores were notably worse than norms for the general U.S. population and for patients with depression, diabetes, or a recent myocardial infarction. More severe BDD symptoms and greater delusionality were associated with poorer mental health-related quality of life. These results indicate that patients with BDD have notably poor mental health status and mental health-related quality of life.

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