Impact of Role Stressors on the Health of Nurse Managers: A Western Canadian Context

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

A qualitative exploratory inquiry was used to understand nurse managers’ (NMs’) perceptions of their role stressors, coping strategies, and self-health related outcomes as a result of frequent exposure to stressful situations in their role.

BACKGROUND

Strong nursing leadership is required for desirable staff, patient, and organizational outcomes. A stressed NM will negatively influence staff nurse satisfaction and retention, patient outcomes, and organizational performance. Stress can affect NMs’ mental and physical heath, leading to job dissatisfaction and turnover.

METHODS

A qualitative exploratory inquiry was conducted using semistructured interviews with 23 NMs and 1 focus group interview.

RESULTS

Findings suggest that coping strategies may be inadequate, given the intensity and demands of the manager role, and could negatively impact NMs’ long-term health.

CONCLUSIONS

Senior nurse leaders can significantly impact the health and productivity of NMs by minimizing the adverse effects of role stress and foster a positive work environment.

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