The role of near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring in preterm infants

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Neurological morbidities such as peri/intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia largely determine the neurodevelopmental outcome of vulnerable preterm infants and our aim should be to minimize their occurrence or severity. Bed-side neuromonitoring could provide valuable pieces of information about possible hemodynamic disturbances that are significantly associated with neurological morbidities and increased mortality. Near-infrared spectroscopy offers evaluation of regional cerebral oxygenation, which in conjunction with other non-invasive methods may give us a more complete picture about end-organ perfusion. This monitoring tool could help us fully understand the pathophysiology of severe neurological morbidities and guide our management in order to reduce their incidence.

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