Optimizing Bone Screw Pullout Force


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Abstract

SummaryStability of internal fixation by plate and screw depends on the interface of bone and screw threads. Bone-screw thread design was tested in a synthetic bone model to determine maximum bone-screw pullout force. The model was confirmed to provide reproducible results in a clinically relevant range. Consistent material properties were reflected in the relatively small standard deviations in pullout force, which were less than 10% of mean values. As expected, major diameter was an important determinant of pullout force in a roughly linear manner. Pitch was important with a finer thread giving greater purchase. Minor diameter and the ratio of major to minor diameter had a small but significant effect on pullout force. This study was significant for establishing a good bone-screw testing model and suggesting important thread parameters in selecting or manufacturing a bone screw to optimize its holding power.

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