Optimizing Bone Screw Pullout Force

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


SummaryStability of internal fixation by plate and screw depends on the interface of bone and screw threads. Bone-screw thread design was tested in a synthetic bone model to determine maximum bone-screw pullout force. The model was confirmed to provide reproducible results in a clinically relevant range. Consistent material properties were reflected in the relatively small standard deviations in pullout force, which were less than 10% of mean values. As expected, major diameter was an important determinant of pullout force in a roughly linear manner. Pitch was important with a finer thread giving greater purchase. Minor diameter and the ratio of major to minor diameter had a small but significant effect on pullout force. This study was significant for establishing a good bone-screw testing model and suggesting important thread parameters in selecting or manufacturing a bone screw to optimize its holding power.

    loading  Loading Related Articles